What is Servlet Filter

Servlet Filter is component which is used to filter the user's requests as per the business need. Filter is used almost each and every java based web application. All the popular java frameworks like Spring(Spring-Security) , JSF(Filter to secure JSF application resource), Struts2(Front Controller) etc. are using filters.


As per servet doc , filter is an object that performs filtering tasks on either the request to a resource (a servlet or static content), or on the response from a resource, or both.

Filters perform filtering in the doFilter method. Every Filter has access to a FilterConfig object from which it can obtain its initialization parameters, and a reference to the ServletContext which it can use, for example, to load resources needed for filtering tasks.

Filters are configured in the deployment descriptor of a web application.

Examples that have been identified for this design are :-

  Authentication Filters.

 Logging and Auditing Filters.

  Image conversion Filters.

  Data compression Filters.

  Encryption Filters

  Tokenizing Filters.

 Filters that trigger resource access events.

 XSL/T filters.

 Font-Controller filter.

 Servlet Filter Skelton code :-